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"Dyslexia is a specific learning difficulty which affects up to 10 percent of the population to some degree and is most commonly characterised by difficulties with the acquisition of reading, spelling and writing skills.

Frequently, mathematics and aspects of spoken language are affected.  Dyslexic people often suffer from auditory processing difficulties, poor organisational skills, poor physical co-ordination and directional confusion.

The majority of dyslexic people have poor short-term memory that causes an inability to retain sequences of numbers and words, and instructions to carry out simple tasks.

Except for the common difficulty with written language no two dyslexic people exhibit the same range of associated characteristics.

Dyslexia affects people across the whole spectrum of ethnicity, socio-economic status and intellectual ability."

(Dyslexia Scotland; Handbook for Adult Literacies in Scotland 2005)


Having difficulty with reading or spelling may be an indication of dyslexia.  However it is a good idea to have hearing and eyesight checked too.

We assess for dyslexia by carefully monitoring the progress of all children and, where there is a concern, screening can be undertaken by the school (usually no earlier than P4).

Even before dyslexia has been confirmed there may have been extra support given with reading, spelling or writing, sometimes individually but often as part of a group.

Helpful Strategies

  • Using different colours of paper and pens.


  • Finding the font that's easiest to read (there are some designed specifically for dyslexia).


  • Coloured overlays, rulers or glasses may help.


  • Learning to touchtype has been proven to help with spelling and writing.
  • Listening to audio books can help a dyslexic child access age appropriate books.


  • Using visual timetables and calendars can help with organisation and memory problems.


  • Homework can be a struggle - try a differnt form of presentation for Learning Logs e.g. pictures, Powerpoints, audio recording etc.